Vietnam's garment sewing only strong, but the remaining stages as spinning, weaving, dyeing not meet the demand. Meanwhile, the automotive industry is weak support motorbikes has grown at a rate of up to 97% localization.
Sewing strong, weak yarn, weaving, dyeing
General Director of Vietnam Textile and Garment Group (Vinatex) Le Tien Truong said quoted by VNA, Vietnam's garment is strong only in sewing, the remaining stages as spinning, weaving, dyeing and finishing not met need. Auxiliary industry of Vietnam is currently entangled "bottleneck" when 80% of the fabric material import dependence.
The products support the textile industry is concentrated mainly in the low value-added segments such as chrysanthemum, just wire, locking adhesive, elastic bandage, tape .... The stitching of high added value such as fibers, chemical - dyeing auxiliaries, dyeing and finishing in flowers are imported. Localization ratio of products is low.
2015 alone, Vietnam's garment export was 27.5 billion USD, 14 billion USD to import raw materials.
According to Mr. Le Tien Truong, if an investor's position as garment workers, businesses just $ 3,000 (people and technology), even if the investment positions or woven fibers, the workers have lost $ 200,000.
Thus, for small and medium enterprises wishing to invest in textile, dyeing is extremely difficult. Besides, the issue of environmental treatment is also very expensive because domestic companies if the potential is not very difficult to invest when just borrowing.
In addition, the stitching yarn, weaving, dyeing and finishing also requires large capital and high-quality personnel and can not recruit unskilled workers such as sewing. Besides, the technology of modern machinery should also meet the new fibers, fabrics, accessories of high quality.
Currently, Vietnam's garment industry is also calling on companies to invest for the complete supply chain, with the establishment of new solutions enterprises at the stage of knotting the yarn, weaving, dyeing and finishing.
Powerful motorcycles, automobiles weak
As medium enterprises motorcycle manufacturer, has produced automobiles, the first deputy general director of Honda Vietnam Vu Quang Tam acknowledged, industrial support for weak cars, but for motorcyclists has been assessed thrive with the localization rate is very high.
In support industries, motorcycle with more favorable due to good volume, multiple vehicles, each sample of a few hundred thousand units / year, which is attached to the motor technology makes simpler than making cars so easy to deploy in the field of supporting industries. To date, Honda Vietnam has about 140 vendors and service parts localization rate of the average in the product from 96- 97%.
However, in the automotive sector is another problem. The problem is difficult to support the automotive industry's total market size small, scattered, many samples, the market is not large enough to be able to attract investors in supporting industries do.
Specifically, there are now many companies do outsourcing for Honda Vietnam Company, but respect stamping tires; iron, high quality steel to make the gear shaft and the details have to be imported enterprises Notably, firms now investing in the field of automotive support industries are ready, but have yet to find and resolve the problem input and output for the product.
In addition, Mr. Tam also said that there is no unity of opinion and policies between management agencies. While the Ministry of Trade building development strategies automotive industry and want to increase the capacity of the market, the Ministry of Transport to develop a strategy by the pressure reducing vehicle infrastructure, the Ministry of Finance, the Committee operator many fees to limit the purchase and circulation of personal automobile travel.
According to Vu Quang Tam, automobile consumption is the inevitable trend. However, to solve the problem on a compromise, requiring the cooperation of several ministries to determine the focus and develop some areas of strength, a policy priority, but not spreading left.
Specifically focused on developing small cars below 1.5L fuel economy, because this segment is the segment B is very good consumption market policy should focus priority to raise output.